ocamldsort(1) Dependency sorter for OCaml source files


ocamldsort [ -pp pre-command ] [ -d dep-command ]
           [ -mli ] [ -nox ] [ -obj | -byte | -opt ] [ filename ] ...


The ocamldsort(1) command scans a set of OCaml source files (.ml and .mli files), sorts them according to their dependencies and prints the sorted files in order to link their corresponding .cmo files.

For ocamldsort(1) to work it must get a list of dependencies generated by ocamldep(1), if the standard input to ocamldsort(1) has been redirected then ocamldsort assumes that this is a dependency file generated by ocamldep(1). Otherwise ocamldsort calls ocamldep(1) to generate the dependency list itself. In either case the source files to be sorted should be given as arguments to the ocamldsort(1) command.

ocamldsort(1) can be used to compile and link simple projects with one command, such as:

ocamlc $(ocamldsort *.ml)

if your project doesn't contain .mli files or:

ocamlc -c $(ocamldsort -mli *.ml *.mli) && ocamlc $(ocamldsort -byte *.ml)

if it contains .mli files.

However for larger projects where separate compilation is desirable, ocamldsort(1) can also be used from within a makefile. Here is a typical makefile example:

PPFLAGS=-pp camlp4o
MLY=$(shell echo *.mly)
MLL=$(shell echo *.mll)
GENERATED_ML=$(MLY:.mly=.ml) $(MLL:.mll=.ml)
include .generated .depend .ocamldsort
        $(OCAMLC) $(COMPFLAGS) $(LIBS) $^ -o $@
        $(OCAMLOPT) $(COMPFLAGS) $(LIBS_OPT) $^ -o $@
.generated: $(GENERATED_ML)
        @touch .generated
.depend: .generated
        $(OCAMLDEP) *.ml *.mli > $@
.ocamldsort: .depend
        echo CMO_FILES=`< .depend $(OCAMLDSORT) -byte *.ml` > .ocamldsort
        echo CMX_FILES=`< .depend $(OCAMLDSORT) -opt *.ml` >> .ocamldsort
distclean: clean
        rm -f .generated .depend .ocamldsort
        rm -f $(GENERATED_ML)
        rm -f *~
        rm -f $(TARGET) 
        rm -f *.cmo *.cmi *.cmx *.o 
.SUFFIXES: .mli .ml .cmi .cmo .cmx .mll .mly
        $(OCAMLC) $(PPFLAGS) $(COMPFLAGS) -c $<
        $(OCAMLC) $(PPFLAGS) $(COMPFLAGS) -c $<
%.cmi %.cmo:%.ml
        $(OCAMLC) $(PPFLAGS) $(COMPFLAGS) -c $<
%.cmx %.o:%.ml
        $(OCAMLOPT) $(PPFLAGS) $(COMPFLAGS) -c $<
        $(OCAMLLEX) $<
%.mli %.ml:%.mly
        $(OCAMLYACC) -v $<


The following command-line options are recognized by ocamlsort(1):

-I directory
Add the given directory to the list of directories searched for source files.

-pp pre-command
Command to preprocess file.

-d dep-command
Command to compute dependencies. ocamldep(1) by default.

Sort files using mli dependencies.

Ignore filenames containg `*' so that unexpanded wildcards are ignored.

Print bytecode filenames (.cmo and .cmi) (deprecated: use -byte).

Print bytecode filenames (.cmo and .cmi).

Print opt filenames (.cmx and .cmi).

Output version information and exit.

-help, --help
Output help and exit.