SYNOPSISIn rpc/rpc.h Ft AUTH * Fo authdes_create Fa char *name Fa unsigned window Fa struct sockaddr *addr Fa des_block *ckey Fc Ft int Fn authdes_getucred struct authdes_cred *adc uid_t *uid gid_t *gid int *grouplen gid_t *groups Ft int Fn getnetname char *name Ft int Fn host2netname char *name const char *host const char *domain Ft int Fn key_decryptsession const char *remotename des_block *deskey Ft int Fn key_encryptsession const char *remotename des_block *deskey Ft int Fn key_gendes des_block *deskey Ft int Fn key_setsecret const char *key Ft int Fn netname2host char *name char *host int hostlen Ft int Fn netname2user char *name uid_t *uidp gid_t *gidp int *gidlenp gid_t *gidlist Ft int Fn user2netname char *name const uid_t uid const char *domain
DESCRIPTIONThese routines are part of the RPC library. They implement DES Authentication. See rpc(3) for further details about RPC
The Fn authdes_create is the first of two routines which interface to the RPC secure authentication system, known as DES authentication. The second is Fn authdes_getucred , below.
Note: the keyserver daemon keyserv(8) must be running for the DES authentication system to work.
The Fn authdes_create function, used on the client side, returns an authentication handle that will enable the use of the secure authentication system. The first argument Fa name is the network name, or Fa netname , of the owner of the server process. This field usually represents a Fa hostname derived from the utility routine Fn host2netname , but could also represent a user name using Fn user2netname . The second field is window on the validity of the client credential, given in seconds. A small window is more secure than a large one, but choosing too small of a window will increase the frequency of resynchronizations because of clock drift. The third argument Fa addr is optional. If it is NULL then the authentication system will assume that the local clock is always in sync with the server's clock, and will not attempt resynchronizations. If an address is supplied, however, then the system will use the address for consulting the remote time service whenever resynchronization is required. This argument is usually the address of the RPC server itself. The final argument Fa ckey is also optional. If it is NULL then the authentication system will generate a random DES key to be used for the encryption of credentials. If it is supplied, however, then it will be used instead.
The Fn authdes_getucred function, the second of the two DES authentication routines, is used on the server side for converting a DES credential, which is operating system independent, into a UNIX credential. This routine differs from utility routine Fn netname2user in that Fn authdes_getucred pulls its information from a cache, and does not have to do a Yellow Pages lookup every time it is called to get its information.
The Fn getnetname function installs the unique, operating-system independent netname of the caller in the fixed-length array Fa name . Returns TRUE if it succeeds and FALSE if it fails.
The Fn host2netname function converts from a domain-specific hostname to an operating-system independent netname. Returns TRUE if it succeeds and FALSE if it fails. Inverse of Fn netname2host .
The Fn key_decryptsession function is an interface to the keyserver daemon, which is associated with RPC 's secure authentication system ( DES authentication). User programs rarely need to call it, or its associated routines Fn key_encryptsession , Fn key_gendes and Fn key_setsecret . System commands such as login(1) and the RPC library are the main clients of these four routines.
The Fn key_decryptsession function takes a server netname and a DES key, and decrypts the key by using the public key of the server and the secret key associated with the effective uid of the calling process. It is the inverse of Fn key_encryptsession .
The Fn key_encryptsession function is a keyserver interface routine. It takes a server netname and a des key, and encrypts it using the public key of the server and the secret key associated with the effective uid of the calling process. It is the inverse of Fn key_decryptsession .
The Fn key_gendes function is a keyserver interface routine. It is used to ask the keyserver for a secure conversation key. Choosing one Qq random is usually not good enough, because the common ways of choosing random numbers, such as using the current time, are very easy to guess.
The Fn key_setsecret function is a keyserver interface routine. It is used to set the key for the effective Fa uid of the calling process.
The Fn netname2host function converts from an operating-system independent netname to a domain-specific hostname. Returns TRUE if it succeeds and FALSE if it fails. Inverse of Fn host2netname .
The Fn netname2user function converts from an operating-system independent netname to a domain-specific user ID. Returns TRUE if it succeeds and FALSE if it fails. Inverse of Fn user2netname .
The Fn user2netname function converts from a domain-specific username to an operating-system independent netname. Returns TRUE if it succeeds and FALSE if it fails. Inverse of Fn netname2user .