SYNOPSISpackage require snit
package require math::machineparameters 0.1
machineparameters create objectname ?options...?
objectname configure ?options...?
objectname cget opt
objectname get key
DESCRIPTIONThe math::machineparameters package is the Tcl equivalent of the DLAMCH LAPACK function. In floating point systems, a floating point number is represented by
x = +/- d1 d2 ... dt basis^e
0 <= di <= basis - 1, i = 1, t
- t is the size of the mantissa
- basis is the basis (the "radix")
The compute method computes all machine parameters. Then, the get method can be used to get each parameter. The print method prints a report on standard output.
EXAMPLEIn the following example, one compute the parameters of a desktop under Linux with the following Tcl 8.4.19 properties :
% parray tcl_platform tcl_platform(byteOrder) = littleEndian tcl_platform(machine) = i686 tcl_platform(os) = Linux tcl_platform(osVersion) = 2.6.24-19-generic tcl_platform(platform) = unix tcl_platform(tip,268) = 1 tcl_platform(tip,280) = 1 tcl_platform(user) = <username> tcl_platform(wordSize) = 4
set pp [machineparameters create %AUTO%] $pp compute $pp print $pp destroy
Machine parameters Epsilon : 1.11022302463e-16 Beta : 2 Rounding : proper Mantissa : 53 Maximum exponent : 1024 Minimum exponent : -1021 Overflow threshold : 8.98846567431e+307 Underflow threshold : 2.22507385851e-308
Epsilon = 1.11022302462515654E-016 Safe minimum = 2.22507385850720138E-308 Base = 2.0000000000000000 Precision = 2.22044604925031308E-016 Number of digits in mantissa = 53.000000000000000 Rounding mode = 1.00000000000000000 Minimum exponent = -1021.0000000000000 Underflow threshold = 2.22507385850720138E-308 Largest exponent = 1024.0000000000000 Overflow threshold = 1.79769313486231571E+308 Reciprocal of safe minimum = 4.49423283715578977E+307
set pp [machineparameters create %AUTO%] $pp compute set eps [$pp get -epsilon] $pp destroy
- "Algorithms to Reveal Properties of Floating-Point Arithmetic", Michael A. Malcolm, Stanford University, Communications of the ACM, Volume 15 , Issue 11 (November 1972), Pages: 949 - 951
- "More on Algorithms that Reveal Properties of Floating, Point Arithmetic Units", W. Morven Gentleman, University of Waterloo, Scott B. Marovich, Purdue University, Communications of the ACM, Volume 17 , Issue 5 (May 1974), Pages: 276 - 277
- machineparameters create objectname ?options...?
The command creates a new machineparameters object and returns the fully
qualified name of the object command as its result.
- -verbose verbose
- Set this option to 1 to enable verbose logging. This option is mainly for debug purposes. The default value of verbose is 0.
- objectname configure ?options...?
- The command configure the options of the object objectname. The options are the same as the static method create.
- objectname cget opt
- Returns the value of the option which name is opt. The options are the same as the method create and configure.
- objectname destroy
- Destroys the object objectname.
- objectname compute
- Computes the machine parameters.
- objectname get key
Returns the value corresponding with given key.
The following is the list of available keys.
- -epsilon : smallest value so that 1+epsilon>1 is false
- -rounding : The rounding mode used on the machine. The rounding occurs when more than t digits would be required to represent the number. Two modes can be determined with the current system : "chop" means than only t digits are kept, no matter the value of the number "proper" means that another rounding mode is used, be it "round to nearest", "round up", "round down".
- -basis : the basis of the floating-point representation. The basis is usually 2, i.e. binary representation (for example IEEE 754 machines), but some machines (like HP calculators for example) uses 10, or 16, etc...
- -mantissa : the number of bits in the mantissa
- -exponentmax : the largest positive exponent before overflow occurs
- -exponentmin : the largest negative exponent before (gradual) underflow occurs
- -vmax : largest positive value before overflow occurs
- -vmin : largest negative value before (gradual) underflow occurs
- objectname tostring
- Return a report for machine parameters.
- objectname print
- Print machine parameters on standard output.
BUGS, IDEAS, FEEDBACKThis document, and the package it describes, will undoubtedly contain bugs and other problems. Please report such in the category math of the Tcllib Trackers [http://core.tcl.tk/tcllib/reportlist]. Please also report any ideas for enhancements you may have for either package and/or documentation.
Copyright (c) 2008 Michael Baudin <[email protected]>