XML::Compile::WSDL11(3) create SOAP messages defined by WSDL 1.1


   is a XML::Compile::Cache
   is a XML::Compile::Schema
   is a XML::Compile


# preparation
use XML::Compile::WSDL11; # use WSDL version 1.1
use XML::Compile::SOAP11; # use SOAP version 1.1
use XML::Compile::Transport::SOAPHTTP;
# you want some trace?
use Log::Report mode => 'DEBUG'; # or 'VERBOSE'
# collect one or more wsdls and xsds in one object
my $wsdl = XML::Compile::WSDL11->new($wsdlfile
, server_type => 'BEA'
$wsdl->addWSDL(...more WSDL files...);
$wsdl->importDefinitions(...more schemas...);
# during initiation, for each used call
my $call = $wsdl->compileClient('GetStockPrice', ...);
# at "run-time", call as often as you want (fast)
my $answer = $call->(%request);
# capture useful trace information
my ($answer, $trace) = $call->(%request);
{ $trace->printError;
# no need to administer the operations by hand: alternative
$wsdl->compileCalls; # at initiation
my $answer = $wsdl->call(GetStockPrice => %request);
# investigate the %request structure (server input)
print $wsdl->explain('GetStockPrice', PERL => 'INPUT', recurse => 1);
# investigate the $answer structure (server output)
print $wsdl->explain('GetStockPrice', PERL => 'OUTPUT');
# when you like, get all operation definitions
my @all_ops = $wsdl->operations;
# Install XML::Compile::SOAP::Daemon
my $server = XML::Compile::SOAP::HTTPDaemon->new;
undef $wsdl; # not needed any further

# For debug info, start your script with:
use Log::Report mode => 'DEBUG';


This module understands WSDL version 1.1. An WSDL file defines a set of messages to be send and received over (SOAP) connections. This involves encoding of the message to be send into XML, sending the message to the server, collect the answer, and finally decoding the XML to Perl.

As end-user, you do not have to worry about the complex details of the messages and the way to exchange them: it's all simple Perl for you. Also, faults are handled automatically. The only complication you have to worry about is to shape a nested HASH structure to the sending message structure. XML::Compile::Schema::template() may help you.

When the definitions are spread over multiple files you will need to use addWSDL() (wsdl) or importDefinitions() (additional schema's) explicitly. Usually, interreferences between those files are broken. Often they reference over networks (you should never trust). So, on purpose you must explicitly load the files you need from local disk! (of course, it is simple to find one-liners as work-arounds, but I will not tell you how! See XML::Compile::SOAP::FAQ)

Extends ``DESCRIPTION'' in XML::Compile::Cache.


Extends ``METHODS'' in XML::Compile::Cache.


Extends ``Constructors'' in XML::Compile::Cache.
XML::Compile::WSDL11->new( [$xml], %options )
The $xml is the WSDL file, which is anything accepted by XML::Compile::dataToXML().

 -Option            --Defined in          --Default
  allow_undeclared    XML::Compile::Cache   <false>
  any_element         XML::Compile::Cache   'ATTEMPT'
  block_namespace     XML::Compile::Schema  []
  hook                XML::Compile::Schema  undef
  hooks               XML::Compile::Schema  []
  ignore_unused_tags  XML::Compile::Schema  <false>
  key_rewrite         XML::Compile::Schema  []
  opts_readers        XML::Compile::Cache   []
  opts_rw             XML::Compile::Cache   []
  opts_writers        XML::Compile::Cache   []
  parser_options      XML::Compile          <many>
  prefixes            XML::Compile::Cache   <smart>
  schema_dirs         XML::Compile          undef
  server_type                               undef
  typemap             XML::Compile::Cache   {}
  xsi_type            XML::Compile::Cache   {}
allow_undeclared => BOOLEAN
hook => HOOK|ARRAY
hooks => ARRAY
ignore_unused_tags => BOOLEAN|REGEXP
key_rewrite => HASH|CODE|ARRAY
opts_readers => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
opts_rw => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
opts_writers => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
parser_options => HASH|ARRAY
prefixes => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
server_type => NAME
[3.01] When you specify the implementation of the server, we can work around some of the known bugs and limitation. Read XML::Compile::SOAP section ``Supported servers'' for supported servers.
typemap => HASH|ARRAY
xsi_type => HASH|ARRAY


Extends ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Cache.
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj->addHooks( $hook, [$hook, ...] )
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj->addKeyRewrite($predef|CODE|HASH, ...)
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Schema
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile
$obj->addSchemas($xml, %options)
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Schema
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Schema
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj->addXsiType( [HASH|ARRAY|LIST] )
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj->allowUndeclared( [BOOLEAN] )
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Cache
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Cache
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj->hooks( [<'READER'|'WRITER'>] )
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj->typemap( [HASH|ARRAY|PAIRS] )
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj->useSchema( $schema, [$schema, ...] )
Inherited, see ``Accessors'' in XML::Compile::Schema

Prefix management

Extends ``Prefix management'' in XML::Compile::Cache.
$obj->addNicePrefix(BASE, NAMESPACE)
Inherited, see ``Prefix management'' in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj->addPrefixes( [PAIRS|ARRAY|HASH] )
Inherited, see ``Prefix management'' in XML::Compile::Cache
Inherited, see ``Prefix management'' in XML::Compile::Cache
Inherited, see ``Prefix management'' in XML::Compile::Cache
Inherited, see ``Prefix management'' in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj->prefixed( $type|<$ns,$local> )
Inherited, see ``Prefix management'' in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj->prefixes( [$params] )
Inherited, see ``Prefix management'' in XML::Compile::Cache


Extends ``Compilers'' in XML::Compile::Cache.
$obj->addCompileOptions( ['READERS'|'WRITERS'|'RW'], %options )
Inherited, see ``Compilers'' in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj->call($opname, $data)
[2.20] Call the $opname (operation name) with $data (HASH or LIST of parameters). This only works when you have called compileCalls() beforehand, always during the initiation phase of the program.


   # at initiation time (compile once)
   # at runtime (run often)
   my $answer = $wsdl->call($operation, $request);
$obj->compile( <'READER'|'WRITER'>, $type, %options )
Inherited, see ``Compilers'' in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj->compileAll( [ <'READERS'|'WRITERS'|'RW'|'CALLS'>, [$ns] ] )
[2.20] With explicit "CALLS" or without any parameter, it will call compileCalls(). Otherwise, see XML::Compile::Cache::compileAll().
$obj->compileCall($operation|$opname, %options)
[2.37] The call to the $operation object (which extends XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation) gets compiled and cached so it can be used with call().

[2.38] Alteratively to an $operation object, you may also specify an operation by name.

  alias   undef
alias => NAME
[3.03] When defined, the compiled operation will be stored with the alias name in stead of the operation name. This may make your code more readible or solve naming conflicts.


  my $op = $wsdl->operation(name => 'getInfo');
  # as often as you need it
  my ($answer, $trace) = $wsdl->call('getInfo')->(%request);
[2.20] Compile a handler for each of the available operations. The %options are passed to each call of compileClient(), but will be overruled by more specific declared options.

Additionally, %options can contain "service", "port", and "binding" to limit the set of involved calls. See operations() for details on these options.

You may declare additional specific compilation options with the declare() method.

 -Option    --Default
  long_names  false
long_names => BOOLEAN
[3.03] Prepend the service name to the operation name to produce an alias (see compileCall(alias)) for the compiled call. If the service name is 'X' and the operation name is 'Y', then the alias becomes 'X#Y'.

You will need this if you have multiple operations with the same name in your WSDL (-collection).


   my $trans = XML::Compile::Transport::SOAPHTTP
     ->new(timeout => 500, address => $wsdl->endPoint);
   $wsdl->compileCalls(transport => $trans);
   # alternatives for simple cases
   my $answer = $wsdl->call($myop, $request);
$obj->compileType( <'READER'|'WRITER'>, $type, %options )
Inherited, see ``Compilers'' in XML::Compile::Schema
Inherited, see ``Compilers'' in XML::Compile
Inherited, see ``Compilers'' in XML::Compile
$obj->reader($type|$name, %options)
Inherited, see ``Compilers'' in XML::Compile::Cache
$obj->template( <'XML'|'PERL'|'TREE'>, $element, %options )
Inherited, see ``Compilers'' in XML::Compile::Schema
Inherited, see ``Compilers'' in XML::Compile::Cache


$obj->addWSDL($xmldata|\@xmldata, %options)
The $xmldata must be acceptable to XML::Compile::dataToXML() and should represent the top-level of a (partial) WSDL document. The specification can be spread over multiple files, each of which must have a "definition" root element.
$obj->compileClient( [$name], %options )
Creates an XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation temporary object using operation(), and then calls "compileClient()" on that. This results in a code reference which will handle all client-server SOAP exchange.

The %options available include all of the options for:

  • operation() (i.e. "service" and "port"), and all of
  • XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation::compileClient() (there are many of these, for instance "transport_hook" and "server")

You cannot pass options for XML::Compile::Schema::compile(), like "<sloppy_integers =" 0>>, hooks or typemaps this way. Use new(opts_rw) and friends to declare those.

When you use compileCall(), the compiled code references get cached for you. In that case, you can use call() to use them.


  my $call = $wsdl->compileClient
    ( operation => 'HelloWorld'
    , port      => 'PrefillSoap' # only required when multiple ports
  my ($answer, $trace) = $call->($request);
  # 'operation' keyword optional
  my $call = $wsdl->compileClient('HelloWorld');
Returns the list of names available for a certain definition $class in the WSDL. See index() for a way to determine the available $class information.
$obj->operation( [$name], %options )
Collect all information for a certain operation. Returned is an XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation object.

An operation is defined by a service name, a port, some bindings, and an operation name, which can be specified explicitly and is often left-out: in the many configurations where there are no alternative choices. In case there are alternatives, you will be requested to pick an option.

 -Option     --Default
  action       <undef>
  operation    <required>
  port         <only when just one port in WSDL>
  server_type  undef
  service      <only when just one service in WSDL>
action => STRING
Overrule the soapAction from the WSDL.
operation => NAME
Ignored when the parameter list starts with a $name (which is an alternative for this option). Optional when there is only one operation defined within the portType.
port => NAME
Required when more than one port is defined.
server_type => NAME
Overrules new(server_type).
Required when more than one service is defined.


Extends ``Administration'' in XML::Compile::Cache.
$obj->declare($group, $component|ARRAY, %options)
Register specific compile %options for the specific $component. See also XML::Compile::Cache::declare(). The $group is either "READER", "WRITER", "RW" (both reader and writer), or "OPERATION". As $component, you specify the element name (for readers and writers) or operation name (for operations). %options are specified as LIST, ARRAY or HASH.


   $wsdl->declare(OPERATION => 'GetStockPrice', @extra_opts);
   my $answer = $wsdl->call(GetStockPrice => %request);
$obj->doesExtend($exttype, $basetype)
Inherited, see ``Administration'' in XML::Compile::Schema
Inherited, see ``Administration'' in XML::Compile::Schema
Inherited, see ``Administration'' in XML::Compile::Cache
Inherited, see ``Administration'' in XML::Compile
$obj->importDefinitions($xmldata, %options)
Inherited, see ``Administration'' in XML::Compile::Schema
Inherited, see ``Administration'' in XML::Compile
Inherited, see ``Administration'' in XML::Compile::Schema
Inherited, see ``Administration'' in XML::Compile::Schema
$obj->walkTree($node, CODE)
Inherited, see ``Administration'' in XML::Compile


All of the following methods are usually NOT meant for end-users. End-users should stick to the operation() and compileClient() methods.
[2.20] Returns the address of the server, as specified by the WSDL. When there are no alternatives for service or port, you not not need to specify those parameters.

The endpoint in the WSDL is often wrong. All compile functions accept the "server" and "endpoint" parameters to overrule the value. With "server", only the hostname:port is being replaced. With "endpoint", everything is replaced.

 -Option --Default
  port     <undef>
  service  <undef>
port => NAME


 my $devel = URI->new($wsdl->endPoint);
 my $call = $wsdl->compileCall($opname, endpoint => $devel);
$obj->explain($operation, $format, $direction, %options)
[2.13] Produce templates (see XML::Compile::Schema::template() which detail the use of the $operation. Currently, only the "PERL" template $format is available.

The $direction of operation is either "INPUT" (input for the server, hence to be produced by the client), or "OUTPUT" (from the server, received by the client).

The actual work is done by XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation::explain(). The %options passed to that method include "recurse" and "skip_header".


  print $wsdl->explain('CheckStatus', PERL => 'INPUT');
  print $wsdl->explain('CheckStatus', PERL => 'OUTPUT'
     , recurse => 1                 # explain options
     , port    => 'Soap12PortName'  # operation options
  foreach my $op ($wsdl->operations)
  {  print $op->explain($wsdl, PERL => 'INPUT');
$obj->findDef( $class, <$qname|$prefixed|$name> )
With a $qname, the HASH which contains the parsed XML information from the WSDL template for that $class-$name combination is returned. You may also have a $prefixed name, using one of the predefined namespace abbreviations. Otherwise, $name is considered to be the localName in that class. When the $name is not found, an error is produced.

Without $qname in SCALAR context, there may only be one such name defined otherwise an error is produced. In LIST context, all definitions in $class are returned.


 $service  = $obj->findDef(service => 'http://xyz');
 @services = $obj->findDef('service');
$obj->index( [$class, [$qname]] )
With a $class and $qname, it returns one WSDL definition HASH or undef. Returns the index for the $class group of names as HASH. When no $class is specified, a HASH of HASHes is returned with the CLASSes on the top-level.

$class includes "service", "binding", "portType", and "message".

Return a list with all operations defined in the WSDL.

 -Option --Default
  binding  <undef>
  port     <undef>
  service  <undef>
binding => NAME
Only return operations which use the binding with the specified NAME. By default, all bindings are accepted.
port => NAME
Return only operations related to the specified port NAME. By default operations from all ports.
service => NAME
Only return operations related to the NAMEd service, by default all services.
$obj->printIndex( [$fh], %options )
For available %options, see operations(). This method is useful to understand the structure of your WSDL: it shows a nested list of services, bindings, ports and portTypes.

 -Option       --Defined in         --Default
  show_declared  XML::Compile::Cache  <true>
show_declared => BOOLEAN


Extends ``DETAILS'' in XML::Compile::Cache.

Distribution collection overview

Extends ``Distribution collection overview'' in XML::Compile::Cache.


Extends ``Comparison'' in XML::Compile::Cache.

Collecting definitions

Extends ``Collecting definitions'' in XML::Compile::Cache.

Addressing components

Extends ``Addressing components'' in XML::Compile::Cache.

Representing data-structures

Extends ``Representing data-structures'' in XML::Compile::Cache.

Schema hooks

Extends ``Schema hooks'' in XML::Compile::Cache.


Extends ``Typemaps'' in XML::Compile::Cache.

Handling xsi:type

Extends ``Handling xsi:type'' in XML::Compile::Cache.

Key rewrite

Extends ``Key rewrite'' in XML::Compile::Cache.

Initializing SOAP operations via WSDL

When you have a WSDL file, then SOAP is simple. If there is no such file at hand, then it is still possible to use SOAP. See the DETAILS chapter in XML::Compile::SOAP.

The WSDL file contains operations which can be addressed by name. In the WSDL file you need to find the name of the port to be used. In most cases, the WSDL has only one service, one port, one binding, and one portType and those names can therefore be omitted. If there is a choice, then you must explicitly select one.

 use XML::Compile::WSDL11 ();
 # once in your program
 my $wsdl   = XML::Compile::WSDL11->new('def.wsdl');
 # XML::Compile::Schema refuses to follow "include" and
 # "import" commands, so you need to invoke them explicitly.
 # $wsdl->addWSDL('file2.wsdl');            # optional
 # $wsdl->importDefinitions('schema1.xsd'); # optional
 # once for each of the defined operations
 my $call   = $wsdl->compileClient('GetStockPrice');
 # see XML::Compile::SOAP chapter DETAILS about call params
 my $answer = $call->(%request);


Extends ``DESCRIPTIONS'' in XML::Compile::Cache.


Copyrights 2014-2016 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html