The dlerror() function shall return a null-terminated character string (with no trailing <newline>) that describes the last error that occurred during dynamic linking processing. If no dynamic linking errors have occurred since the last invocation of dlerror(), dlerror() shall return NULL. Thus, invoking dlerror() a second time, immediately following a prior invocation, shall result in NULL being returned.
The dlerror() function need not be reentrant. A function that is not required to be reentrant is not required to be thread-safe.
If successful, dlerror() shall return a null-terminated character string; otherwise, NULL shall be returned.
No errors are defined.
The following sections are informative.
The following example prints out the last dynamic linking error:
... #include <dlfcn.h> char *errstr; errstr = dlerror(); if (errstr != NULL) printf ("A dynamic linking error occurred: (%s)\n", errstr); ...
The messages returned by dlerror() may reside in a static buffer that is overwritten on each call to dlerror(). Application code should not write to this buffer. Programs wishing to preserve an error message should make their own copies of that message. Depending on the application environment with respect to asynchronous execution events, such as signals or other asynchronous computation sharing the address space, conforming applications should use a critical section to retrieve the error pointer and buffer.
COPYRIGHTPortions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .