vlan(8) vlan manipulation module


tc ... action vlan { pop | PUSH } [ CONTROL ]

PUSH := push [ protocol VLANPROTO ] id VLANID

CONTROL := { reclassify | pipe | drop | continue | pass }


The vlan action allows to perform 802.1Q en- or decapsulation on a packet, reflected by the two operation modes POP and PUSH. The POP mode is simple, as no further information is required to just drop the outer-most VLAN encapsulation. The PUSH mode on the other hand requires at least a VLANID and allows to optionally choose the VLANPROTO to use.


Decapsulation mode, no further arguments allowed.
Encapsulation mode. Requires at least id option.
Specify the VLAN ID to encapsulate into. VLANID is an unsigned 16bit integer, the format is detected automatically (e.g. prefix with '0x' for hexadecimal interpretation, etc.).
protocol VLANPROTO
Choose the VLAN protocol to use. At the time of writing, the kernel accepts only 802.1Q or 802.1ad.
How to continue after executing this action.
Restarts classification by jumping back to the first filter attached to this action's parent.
Continue with the next action, this is the default.
Packet will be dropped without running further actions.
Continue classification with next filter in line.
Return to calling qdisc for packet processing. This ends the classification process.


The following example encapsulates incoming ICMP packets on eth0 from into VLAN ID 123:

#tc qdisc add dev eth0 handle ffff: ingress #tc filter add dev eth0 parent ffff: pref 11 protocol ip \         u32 match ip protocol 1 0xff flowid 1:1 \
        u32 match ip src flowid 1:1 \
        action vlan push id 123

Here is an example of the pop function: Incoming VLAN packets on eth0 are decapsulated and the classification process then restarted for the plain packet:

#tc qdisc add dev eth0 handle ffff: ingress #tc filter add dev $ETH parent ffff: pref 1 protocol 802.1Q \         u32 match u32 0 0 flowid 1:1 \
        action vlan pop reclassify